The Internet of Things is an important part of the new generation of information technology.It refers to a huge network formed by The combination of various information sensing devices and The Internet.The Internet of Things, also known as "The Internet of Everything", as its name implies,the Internet of Things is the Internet where things are connected,it has two meanings:first,the core and foundation of the Internet of Things is still the Internet,which is an extension and extension of the network on the basis of the Internet;second,its client end extends and expands to any item and other items for information exchange and communication.
In 1991,Professor Kevin Ashton of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) first proposed the concept of Internet of Things.
In 1999, MIT established the "Auto-ID Center", which proposed that "everything can be connected through the network" and clarified the basic meaning of the Internet of Things. The early Internet of Things was a logistics network based on radio frequency identification (RFID) technology.
In November 2005,the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) issued the ITU Internet Report 2005: Internet of Things,citing the concept of "Internet of Things".The definition and coverage of the Internet of Things has been greatly expanded,and it no longer only refers to the Internet of Things based on RFID technology.
On November 17, 2005,ITU formally proposed the concept of "Internet of Things". "Internet of things" overturned before human physical infrastructure and IT infrastructure separated from traditional thinking,will have a self identity, perception and intelligence of physical entities based on communication technology together effectively, make government management, production,social management,and personal life achieve interconnectivity,known as the computer and the Internet.The third wave of the world information industry.
On January 28, 2009,IBM first proposed the concept of "Smart Planet",suggesting that the new government invest in a new generation of smart infrastructure.That year,the United States identified new energy and the Internet of Things as two priorities to revitalize its economy.
In 2009,the European Commission published the European Internet of Things Action Plan, which described the application prospects of the Internet of Things technology and proposed that EU governments should strengthen the management of the Internet of Things and promote the development of the Internet of Things.
At present,internationally accepted definition of the Internet of things is:through the radio frequency identification (RFID), infrared sensors, global positioning system (GPS), such as the laser scanner information sensing device,according to the contract agreement, to any item connected to the Internet, information exchange and communication,in order to realize to the intelligent identification,location,tracking and monitoring and management of a network.